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The microcirculation of myocutaneous island flaps in pigs studied with radioactive blood volume tracers and microspheres of different sizes

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In order to further improve the understanding of hemodynamic changes in the immediate postoperative phase after elevation of myocutaneous flaps, regional blood flow and arteriovenous (A-V) shunting were measured in rectus abdominis island flaps in 8 pigs. Radioactive microspheres of two sizes (15 and 50 micron) were used. Approximately half (53.4 +/- 6 percent) of the 15-micron microspheres and one-fourth (24.1 +/- 6 percent) of the 50-micron microspheres entering the flap appeared in the venous outflow. Compared with the control area, A-V shunting was significantly increased in muscle and substantially more pronounced in skin. Nutritional blood flow, total blood flow, and vascular volume were increased in muscle and unchanged in skin and subcutis. The lowest tissue hematocrit of 7 +/- 1 percent was found in skin as compared with a central hematocrit of 35 +/- 2 percent. Tissue hematocrit in flap muscle was decreased to 17 +/- 2 percent when compared with control muscle (22 +/- 3 percent), and the mean transit time for blood was correspondingly decreased. Thus vasodilation provided increased perfusion through muscular capillaries and through A-V shunts. Shunting of 15-micron microspheres appeared to take place not only in skin, but also in subcutis and muscle, which challenges the widespread belief that A-V shunting does not occur in muscle.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Vol/bind89
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)116-22; discussion 123-4
ISSN0032-1052
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1992

ID: 244280372