Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

The role of up-regulated serine proteases and matrix metalloproteinases in the pathogenesis of a murine model of colitis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • J F Tarlton
  • C V Whiting
  • D Tunmore
  • S Bregenholt
  • J Reimann
  • Mogens Helweg Claesson
  • P W Bland
Proteinases are important at several phases of physiological and pathological inflammation, mediating cellular infiltration, cytokine activation, tissue damage, remodeling, and repair. However, little is known of their role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study was to assess the role of tissue proteases in a mouse model of colitis. Proteolytic activity was analyzed, using gel and in situ zymography, in colonic tissues from severe combined immunodeficient mice with colitis induced by transfer of CD4(+) T lymphocytes. Serine proteinase levels increased in colitic tissue, with major species of 23 kd, 30 kd, and 45 kd. Co-migration and inhibition studies indicated that the 23-kd proteinase was pancreatic trypsin and that the 30-kd species was neutrophil elastase. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 activation, was elevated in colitic tissues. Proteinase levels followed a decreasing concentration gradient from proximal to distal colon. Proteolysis was localized to infiltrating leukocytes in diseased severe combined immunodeficient mice. Transmural inflammation was associated with serine proteinase and MMP activity in overlying epithelium and with marked subepithelial proteolytic activity. The results demonstrate a clear elevation in the levels and activation of proteases in colitis, potentially contributing to disease progression through loss of epithelial barrier function.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Pathology
Vol/bind157
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1927-35
Antal sider9
ISSN0002-9440
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2000

ID: 32637168