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The stimulatory effect of growth hormone, prolactin, and placental lactogen on beta-cell proliferation is not mediated by insulin-like growth factor-I

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The effects of GH, PRL, and placental lactogen (PL) on the proliferation of pancreatic beta-cells in vitro were studied as well as the possible effect of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in mediating this effect. Proliferating beta-cells were identified by staining with a monoclonal antibody to bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) after cells were incubated for 1 h in the presence of 10 microM BrdU. By double staining with insulin antibodies it was found that 6.3% of the beta-cells had incorporated BrdU when cultured for 7 days in the presence of 1 microgram/ml human GH (hGH) compared to 0.6% when cultured in the absence of hGH. Similar results were obtained using rat GH. The half-maximal effect of hGH on beta-cell proliferation was observed at 10 ng/ml, and the maximal effect at 100 ng/ml. Islet cells cultured in the presence of PRL or PL caused a dose-dependent increase in beta-cell proliferation similar to that caused by hGH. GH, PRL, and PL had no effect on the proliferation of glucagon- or somatostatin-producing cells. The addition of 100 ng/ml IGF-I to either control or GH-stimulated islet cells did not affect the labeling index. When GH-stimulated proliferation of beta-cells was measured in the presence of neutralizing concentrations of a rabbit IGF-I antiserum, the percentage of beta-cells incorporating BrdU was unaffected. Using Northern blot analysis, no IGF-I transcripts could be detected in RNA from GH-stimulated islets, whereas IGF-I transcripts were readily detected in RNA isolated from rat liver tissue. These data suggest that the stimulatory effect of GH, PRL, and PL on beta-cell proliferation is not mediated by IGF-I, but, rather, is a direct mitogenic effect on the beta-cell.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEndocrinology
Vol/bind129
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)883-8
Antal sider6
ISSN0013-7227
StatusUdgivet - aug. 1991

ID: 47973788