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The susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum to sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine: correlation of in vivo and in vitro results

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In 1982, 2 of 14 Plasmodium falciparum infections acquired in East Africa and diagnosed in Copenhagen were resistant to treatment with sulfadoxine plus pyrimethamine (Fansidar), while in 1983, 6 of 18 were so. The in vivo tests were supplemented by determinations of drug concentrations in serum, and 4 isolates from in vivo-sensitive cases and 6 from in vivo-resistant cases were selected for in vivo tests. These were performed in ordinary RPMI 1640 medium and in a medium with physiological p-aminobenzoic acid and folic acid concentrations. Pharmacokinetic aberrations were found to be of possible importance in only 2 of the in vivo-resistant cases. In vitro susceptibility to sulfadoxine was found to be uniformly low in all isolates. Testing with a combination of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine in the medium with physiological concentrations of cofactors probably reflects the in vivo situation most accurately, but in all but 1 of the isolates studied in vitro the in vivo susceptibility to Fansidar would be predicted by in vitro susceptibility to pyrimethamine in either medium. The concentration of p-aminobenzoic acid in serum, quantitated by high performance liquid chromatography, was found to be subject to wide variation, and this may have implications for in vitro testing.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)239-45
Antal sider7
ISSN0002-9637
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 1986

ID: 33891719