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Tip Splittings and Phase Transitions in the Dielectric Breakdown Model: Mapping to the Diffusion-Limited Aggregation Model

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We show that the fractal growth described by the dielectric breakdown model exhibits a phase transition in the multifractal spectrum of the growth measure. The transition takes place because the tip splitting of branches forms a fixed angle. This angle is [Formula presented] dependent but it can be rescaled onto an “effectively” universal angle of the diffusion-limited aggregation branching process. We derive an analytic rescaling relation which is in agreement with numerical simulations. The dimension of the clusters decreases linearly with the angle and the growth becomes non-ractal at an angle close to [Formula presented] (which corresponds to [Formula presented]).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer235505
TidsskriftPhysical Review Letters
Vol/bind88
Udgave nummer23
Antal sider1
ISSN0031-9007
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2002

ID: 203586595