Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Tissue and plasma concentrations of amidated and glycine-extended glucagon-like peptide I in humans

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Using specific radioimmunoassays, we studied the occurrence of amidated and glycine-extended glucagon-like peptide I (GLP-I) molecules in the human small intestine and pancreas and in the circulation system in response to a breakfast meal. Through gel permeation chromatography of extracts of the human pancreas (n = 5), we found that 71% of the GLP-I immunoreactivity eluted as a large molecule corresponding to the major proglucagon fragment, 24% corresponded to GLP-I 1-36 amide, and 5% to GLP-I 1-37. By gel permeation chromatography of extracts of human small intestine (n = 6), we found that all immunoreactivity eluted in one peak at the common elution position of the two insulin-releasing peptides, GLP-I 7-36 amide and GLP-I 7-37. Of the GLP-I immunoreactivity, 80% corresponded to GLP-I 7-36 amide and 20% to GLP-I 7-37. The mean concentrations of amidated GLP-I and glycine-extended GLP-I in fasting plasma were 7 +/- 1 and 6 +/- 1 pM, respectively (n = 6). In response to a breakfast meal, the concentration of amidated GLP-I rose significantly amounting to 41 +/- 5 pM 90 min after the meal ingestion, whereas the concentration of glycine-extended GLP-I only rose slightly to a maximum of 10 +/- 1 pM. Thus, both amidated and glycine-extended GLP-I molecules are produced in the small intestine and in the pancreas in humans. Both amidated and glycine-extended GLP-I are measurable in fasting plasma.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)535-9
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - apr. 1994

ID: 45574294