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Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution

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Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution. / Callendret, Benoît; Bukh, Jens; Eccleston, Heather B; Heksch, Ryan; Hasselschwert, Dana L; Purcell, Robert H; Hughes, Austin L; Walker, Christopher M.

I: Journal of Virology, Bind 85, Nr. 22, 2011, s. 11833-45.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Callendret, B, Bukh, J, Eccleston, HB, Heksch, R, Hasselschwert, DL, Purcell, RH, Hughes, AL & Walker, CM 2011, 'Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution', Journal of Virology, bind 85, nr. 22, s. 11833-45. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02654-10

APA

Callendret, B., Bukh, J., Eccleston, H. B., Heksch, R., Hasselschwert, D. L., Purcell, R. H., ... Walker, C. M. (2011). Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution. Journal of Virology, 85(22), 11833-45. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02654-10

Vancouver

Callendret B, Bukh J, Eccleston HB, Heksch R, Hasselschwert DL, Purcell RH o.a. Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution. Journal of Virology. 2011;85(22):11833-45. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02654-10

Author

Callendret, Benoît ; Bukh, Jens ; Eccleston, Heather B ; Heksch, Ryan ; Hasselschwert, Dana L ; Purcell, Robert H ; Hughes, Austin L ; Walker, Christopher M. / Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution. I: Journal of Virology. 2011 ; Bind 85, Nr. 22. s. 11833-45.

Bibtex

@article{5ea1b0850eba4efba6a2747e0e8372d0,
title = "Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution",
abstract = "The RNA genome of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) diversifies rapidly during the acute phase of infection, but the selective forces that drive this process remain poorly defined. Here we examined whether Darwinian selection pressure imposed by CD8(+) T cells is a dominant force driving early amino acid replacement in HCV viral populations. This question was addressed in two chimpanzees followed for 8 to 10 years after infection with a well-defined inoculum composed of a clonal genotype 1a (isolate H77C) HCV genome. Detailed characterization of CD8(+) T cell responses combined with sequencing of recovered virus at frequent intervals revealed that most acute-phase nonsynonymous mutations were clustered in class I epitopes and appeared much earlier than those in the remainder of the HCV genome. Moreover, the ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous mutations, a measure of positive selection pressure, was increased 50-fold in class I epitopes compared with the rest of the HCV genome. Finally, some mutation of the clonal H77C genome toward a genotype 1a consensus sequence considered most fit for replication was observed during the acute phase of infection, but the majority of these amino acid substitutions occurred slowly over several years of chronic infection. Together these observations indicate that during acute hepatitis C, virus evolution was driven primarily by positive selection pressure exerted by CD8(+) T cells. This influence of immune pressure on viral evolution appears to subside as chronic infection is established and genetic drift becomes the dominant evolutionary force.",
keywords = "Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cluster Analysis, Disease Models, Animal, Epitopes, Evolution, Molecular, Genome, Viral, Genotype, Hepacivirus, Hepatitis C, Mutation, Missense, Pan troglodytes, Primate Diseases, Selection, Genetic, Sequence Analysis, DNA",
author = "Beno{\^i}t Callendret and Jens Bukh and Eccleston, {Heather B} and Ryan Heksch and Hasselschwert, {Dana L} and Purcell, {Robert H} and Hughes, {Austin L} and Walker, {Christopher M}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1128/JVI.02654-10",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "11833--45",
journal = "Journal of Virology",
issn = "0022-538X",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "22",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transmission of clonal hepatitis C virus genomes reveals the dominant but transitory role of CD8¿ T cells in early viral evolution

AU - Callendret, Benoît

AU - Bukh, Jens

AU - Eccleston, Heather B

AU - Heksch, Ryan

AU - Hasselschwert, Dana L

AU - Purcell, Robert H

AU - Hughes, Austin L

AU - Walker, Christopher M

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The RNA genome of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) diversifies rapidly during the acute phase of infection, but the selective forces that drive this process remain poorly defined. Here we examined whether Darwinian selection pressure imposed by CD8(+) T cells is a dominant force driving early amino acid replacement in HCV viral populations. This question was addressed in two chimpanzees followed for 8 to 10 years after infection with a well-defined inoculum composed of a clonal genotype 1a (isolate H77C) HCV genome. Detailed characterization of CD8(+) T cell responses combined with sequencing of recovered virus at frequent intervals revealed that most acute-phase nonsynonymous mutations were clustered in class I epitopes and appeared much earlier than those in the remainder of the HCV genome. Moreover, the ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous mutations, a measure of positive selection pressure, was increased 50-fold in class I epitopes compared with the rest of the HCV genome. Finally, some mutation of the clonal H77C genome toward a genotype 1a consensus sequence considered most fit for replication was observed during the acute phase of infection, but the majority of these amino acid substitutions occurred slowly over several years of chronic infection. Together these observations indicate that during acute hepatitis C, virus evolution was driven primarily by positive selection pressure exerted by CD8(+) T cells. This influence of immune pressure on viral evolution appears to subside as chronic infection is established and genetic drift becomes the dominant evolutionary force.

AB - The RNA genome of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) diversifies rapidly during the acute phase of infection, but the selective forces that drive this process remain poorly defined. Here we examined whether Darwinian selection pressure imposed by CD8(+) T cells is a dominant force driving early amino acid replacement in HCV viral populations. This question was addressed in two chimpanzees followed for 8 to 10 years after infection with a well-defined inoculum composed of a clonal genotype 1a (isolate H77C) HCV genome. Detailed characterization of CD8(+) T cell responses combined with sequencing of recovered virus at frequent intervals revealed that most acute-phase nonsynonymous mutations were clustered in class I epitopes and appeared much earlier than those in the remainder of the HCV genome. Moreover, the ratio of nonsynonymous to synonymous mutations, a measure of positive selection pressure, was increased 50-fold in class I epitopes compared with the rest of the HCV genome. Finally, some mutation of the clonal H77C genome toward a genotype 1a consensus sequence considered most fit for replication was observed during the acute phase of infection, but the majority of these amino acid substitutions occurred slowly over several years of chronic infection. Together these observations indicate that during acute hepatitis C, virus evolution was driven primarily by positive selection pressure exerted by CD8(+) T cells. This influence of immune pressure on viral evolution appears to subside as chronic infection is established and genetic drift becomes the dominant evolutionary force.

KW - Amino Acid Substitution

KW - Animals

KW - CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes

KW - Cluster Analysis

KW - Disease Models, Animal

KW - Epitopes

KW - Evolution, Molecular

KW - Genome, Viral

KW - Genotype

KW - Hepacivirus

KW - Hepatitis C

KW - Mutation, Missense

KW - Pan troglodytes

KW - Primate Diseases

KW - Selection, Genetic

KW - Sequence Analysis, DNA

U2 - 10.1128/JVI.02654-10

DO - 10.1128/JVI.02654-10

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21900166

VL - 85

SP - 11833

EP - 11845

JO - Journal of Virology

JF - Journal of Virology

SN - 0022-538X

IS - 22

ER -

ID: 40329377