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Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos

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Standard

Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos. / Tao, Yong; Gheng, Lizi; Zhang, Meiling; Li, Bin; Ding, Jianping; Zhang, Yunhai; Fang, Fugui; Zhang, Xiaorong; Maddox-Hyttel, Poul.

I: Zygote, Bind 16, Nr. 2, 2008, s. 93-110.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Tao, Y, Gheng, L, Zhang, M, Li, B, Ding, J, Zhang, Y, Fang, F, Zhang, X & Maddox-Hyttel, P 2008, 'Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos', Zygote, bind 16, nr. 2, s. 93-110. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0967199407004492

APA

Tao, Y., Gheng, L., Zhang, M., Li, B., Ding, J., Zhang, Y., ... Maddox-Hyttel, P. (2008). Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos. Zygote, 16(2), 93-110. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0967199407004492

Vancouver

Tao Y, Gheng L, Zhang M, Li B, Ding J, Zhang Y o.a. Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos. Zygote. 2008;16(2):93-110. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0967199407004492

Author

Tao, Yong ; Gheng, Lizi ; Zhang, Meiling ; Li, Bin ; Ding, Jianping ; Zhang, Yunhai ; Fang, Fugui ; Zhang, Xiaorong ; Maddox-Hyttel, Poul. / Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos. I: Zygote. 2008 ; Bind 16, Nr. 2. s. 93-110.

Bibtex

@article{e2d02790a1c311ddb6ae000ea68e967b,
title = "Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos",
abstract = "The low efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer may be related to the ultrastructural deviations of reconstructed embryos. The present study investigated ultrastructural differences between in vivo-produced and cloned goat embryos, including intra- and interspecies embryos. Goat ear fibroblast cells were used as donors, while the enucleated bovine and goat oocytes matured in vitro as recipients. Goat-goat (GG), goat-cattle (GC) and goat in vivo-produced embryos at the 2-cell, 4-cell, 8-cell and 16-cell stages were compared using transmission electron microscopy. These results showed that the three types of embryos had a similar tendency for mitochondrial change. Nevertheless, changes in GG embryos were more similar to changes in in vivo-produced embryos than were GC embryos, which had more extreme mitochondrial deviation. The results indicate the effects of the cytoplast on mitochondria development. The zona pellucida (ZP) in all three types of embryos became thinner and ZP pores in both GC and GG embryos showed an increased rate of development, especially for GC embryos, while in vivo-produced embryos had smooth ZP. The Golgi apparatus (Gi) and rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of the two reconstructed embryos became apparent at the 8-cell stage, as was found for in vivo embryos. The results showed that the excretion of reconstructed embryos was activated on time. Lipid droplets (LD) of GC and GG embryos became bigger, and congregated. In in-vivo-produced embryos LD changed little in volume and dispered gradually from the 4-cell period. The nucleolus of GC and GG embryos changed from electron dense to a fibrillo-granular meshwork at the 16-cell stage, showing that nucleus function in the reconstructed embryos was activated. The broken nuclear envelope and multiple nucleoli in one blastomere illuminated that the nucleus function of reconstructed embryos was partly changed. In addition at a later stage in GC embryos the nuclear envelope displayed infoldings and the chromatin was concentrated, implying that the blastomeres had an obvious trend towards apoptosis. The gap junctions of the three types of embryos changed differently and GG and GC embryos had bigger perivitelline and intercellular spaces than did in vivo-produced embryos. These results are indicative of normal intercellular communication at an early stage, but this became weaker in later stages in reconstructed embryos. In conclusion, inter- and intraspecies reconstructed embryos have a similar pattern of developmental change to that of in vivo-produced embryos for ZP, rough ER, Gi and nucleolus, but differ for mitochondria, LD, vesicles, nucleus and gap junction development. In particular, the interspecies cloned embryos showed more severe destruction. These ultrastructural deviations might contribute to the compromised developmental potential of reconstructed embryos.",
keywords = "Former LIFE faculty, Embryo, Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer, Mitochondria, Ultrastructure, Zona",
author = "Yong Tao and Lizi Gheng and Meiling Zhang and Bin Li and Jianping Ding and Yunhai Zhang and Fugui Fang and Xiaorong Zhang and Poul Maddox-Hyttel",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1017/S0967199407004492",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "93--110",
journal = "Zygote",
issn = "0967-1994",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ultrastructural changes in goat interspecies and intraspecies reconstructed early embryos

AU - Tao, Yong

AU - Gheng, Lizi

AU - Zhang, Meiling

AU - Li, Bin

AU - Ding, Jianping

AU - Zhang, Yunhai

AU - Fang, Fugui

AU - Zhang, Xiaorong

AU - Maddox-Hyttel, Poul

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - The low efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer may be related to the ultrastructural deviations of reconstructed embryos. The present study investigated ultrastructural differences between in vivo-produced and cloned goat embryos, including intra- and interspecies embryos. Goat ear fibroblast cells were used as donors, while the enucleated bovine and goat oocytes matured in vitro as recipients. Goat-goat (GG), goat-cattle (GC) and goat in vivo-produced embryos at the 2-cell, 4-cell, 8-cell and 16-cell stages were compared using transmission electron microscopy. These results showed that the three types of embryos had a similar tendency for mitochondrial change. Nevertheless, changes in GG embryos were more similar to changes in in vivo-produced embryos than were GC embryos, which had more extreme mitochondrial deviation. The results indicate the effects of the cytoplast on mitochondria development. The zona pellucida (ZP) in all three types of embryos became thinner and ZP pores in both GC and GG embryos showed an increased rate of development, especially for GC embryos, while in vivo-produced embryos had smooth ZP. The Golgi apparatus (Gi) and rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of the two reconstructed embryos became apparent at the 8-cell stage, as was found for in vivo embryos. The results showed that the excretion of reconstructed embryos was activated on time. Lipid droplets (LD) of GC and GG embryos became bigger, and congregated. In in-vivo-produced embryos LD changed little in volume and dispered gradually from the 4-cell period. The nucleolus of GC and GG embryos changed from electron dense to a fibrillo-granular meshwork at the 16-cell stage, showing that nucleus function in the reconstructed embryos was activated. The broken nuclear envelope and multiple nucleoli in one blastomere illuminated that the nucleus function of reconstructed embryos was partly changed. In addition at a later stage in GC embryos the nuclear envelope displayed infoldings and the chromatin was concentrated, implying that the blastomeres had an obvious trend towards apoptosis. The gap junctions of the three types of embryos changed differently and GG and GC embryos had bigger perivitelline and intercellular spaces than did in vivo-produced embryos. These results are indicative of normal intercellular communication at an early stage, but this became weaker in later stages in reconstructed embryos. In conclusion, inter- and intraspecies reconstructed embryos have a similar pattern of developmental change to that of in vivo-produced embryos for ZP, rough ER, Gi and nucleolus, but differ for mitochondria, LD, vesicles, nucleus and gap junction development. In particular, the interspecies cloned embryos showed more severe destruction. These ultrastructural deviations might contribute to the compromised developmental potential of reconstructed embryos.

AB - The low efficiency of somatic cell nuclear transfer may be related to the ultrastructural deviations of reconstructed embryos. The present study investigated ultrastructural differences between in vivo-produced and cloned goat embryos, including intra- and interspecies embryos. Goat ear fibroblast cells were used as donors, while the enucleated bovine and goat oocytes matured in vitro as recipients. Goat-goat (GG), goat-cattle (GC) and goat in vivo-produced embryos at the 2-cell, 4-cell, 8-cell and 16-cell stages were compared using transmission electron microscopy. These results showed that the three types of embryos had a similar tendency for mitochondrial change. Nevertheless, changes in GG embryos were more similar to changes in in vivo-produced embryos than were GC embryos, which had more extreme mitochondrial deviation. The results indicate the effects of the cytoplast on mitochondria development. The zona pellucida (ZP) in all three types of embryos became thinner and ZP pores in both GC and GG embryos showed an increased rate of development, especially for GC embryos, while in vivo-produced embryos had smooth ZP. The Golgi apparatus (Gi) and rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of the two reconstructed embryos became apparent at the 8-cell stage, as was found for in vivo embryos. The results showed that the excretion of reconstructed embryos was activated on time. Lipid droplets (LD) of GC and GG embryos became bigger, and congregated. In in-vivo-produced embryos LD changed little in volume and dispered gradually from the 4-cell period. The nucleolus of GC and GG embryos changed from electron dense to a fibrillo-granular meshwork at the 16-cell stage, showing that nucleus function in the reconstructed embryos was activated. The broken nuclear envelope and multiple nucleoli in one blastomere illuminated that the nucleus function of reconstructed embryos was partly changed. In addition at a later stage in GC embryos the nuclear envelope displayed infoldings and the chromatin was concentrated, implying that the blastomeres had an obvious trend towards apoptosis. The gap junctions of the three types of embryos changed differently and GG and GC embryos had bigger perivitelline and intercellular spaces than did in vivo-produced embryos. These results are indicative of normal intercellular communication at an early stage, but this became weaker in later stages in reconstructed embryos. In conclusion, inter- and intraspecies reconstructed embryos have a similar pattern of developmental change to that of in vivo-produced embryos for ZP, rough ER, Gi and nucleolus, but differ for mitochondria, LD, vesicles, nucleus and gap junction development. In particular, the interspecies cloned embryos showed more severe destruction. These ultrastructural deviations might contribute to the compromised developmental potential of reconstructed embryos.

KW - Former LIFE faculty

KW - Embryo

KW - Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer

KW - Mitochondria

KW - Ultrastructure

KW - Zona

U2 - 10.1017/S0967199407004492

DO - 10.1017/S0967199407004492

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18405430

VL - 16

SP - 93

EP - 110

JO - Zygote

JF - Zygote

SN - 0967-1994

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 8104998