Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Universality and tricritical behavior of three-dimensional Ising models with two- and four-spin interactions

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The Monte Carlo technique is applied to a study of the phase transitions and the critical behavior of the spin- Ising model on an fcc lattice with mixtures of two- (J2) and four - (J4) spin interactions. In the limit J2=0 the model exhibits a first-order transition. The transition remains of first order for J4J212, but a crossover to continuous transitions is found around J4J214-12 indicating that the model exhibits tricritical behavior. A modified mean-field theory is presented leading to an approximate description of the tricritical behavior in agreement with the Monte Carlo calculations. In the region of continuous transitions. 0<~J4J214, the critical exponent pertaining to the order parameter derived from the Monte Carlo data retains the Ising value, in accordance with the universality hypothesis. Our findings show that the four-spin interactions do not lead to nonuniversal critical behavior, contrary to the conclusions made by Griffiths and Wood from a series analysis.

TidsskriftPhysical Review B
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)347-354
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 1981
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 238393139