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Uptake of ascorbic acid by freshly isolated cells and secretory granules from the intermediate lobe of ox hypophyses

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  • A Zhou
  • T Matsumoto
  • O Farver
  • N A Thorn

Mechanically isolated cells from the intermediate lobe of ox hypophyses contained 40.6 +/- 3.7 nmol mg-1 protein (mean +/- SE, n = 5) of ascorbic acid. They accumulated radioactivity time dependently, on incubation with L-[14C]ascorbic acid in ionic medium dominated by NaCl. No definite saturation of uptake occurred when mechanically isolated cells were incubated with increasing ascorbic acid concentrations up to 0.6 mM. But if such cells were purified on a Percoll gradient, a clear saturation of uptake could be observed. Acetylsalicylic acid reduced the uptake markedly. When cells loaded with L-[14C]ascorbic acid were homogenized and placed on a Percoll gradient, the radioactivity was recovered in several subcellular fractions. Decrease of the Na+ concentration or presence of ouabain in the medium did not cause noticeable changes in uptake by non-purified cells, whereas uptake by purified cells was clearly sodium-dependent. Phloridzin inhibited uptake. Secretory granules from pars intermedia contained 40.0 +/- 3.8 nmol mg-1 protein of ascorbic acid (mean +/- SE, n = 3) and could accumulate L-[14C]ascorbic acid rapidly in a KCl-dominated medium. The uptake was not saturable with ascorbic acid concentration and was not influenced by the presence of I mM ATP + I mM Mg2+ in the medium. The concentration of copper and iron in isolated cells was comparable to that in isolated neurohypophysial nerve terminals, whereas the concentration of zinc was considerably higher in the pars intermedia cells. The concentration of Cu, Zn, Fe and Co in secretory granules from pars intermedia was higher than in secretory granules from neurohypophyses.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa physiologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind138
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)229-34
Antal sider6
ISSN0001-6772
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 1990

ID: 113626714