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White matter lactate: Does it matter?

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

About half of the human brain is white matter, characterized by axons covered in myelin, which facilitates the high speed of nerve signals from one brain area to another. At the time of myelination, the oligodendrocytes that synthesize myelin require a large amount of energy for this task. Conditions that deprive the tissue of energy can kill the oligodendrocytes. During brain development, the oligodendrocytes may use lactate as an alternative source of energy and material for myelin formation. Mature oligodendrocytes, however, can release lactate through the myelin sheath as nutrient for axons. In addition, lactate carries signals as a volume transmitter. Myelin thus seems to serve as a provider of substrates and signals for axons, and not as a mere insulator. We review the fluxes of lactate in white matter and their significance in brain function.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuroscience
Vol/bind276
Sider (fra-til)109-116
Antal sider8
ISSN0306-4522
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

ID: 202776079