Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century. / Hollesen, Jørgen; Buchwal, Agata; Rachlewicz, Grzegorz; Hansen, Birger; Hansen, Marc Overgaard; Stecher, Ole; Elberling, Bo.

I: Global Change Biology, Bind 21, Nr. 6, 2015, s. 2410-2423.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hollesen, J, Buchwal, A, Rachlewicz, G, Hansen, B, Hansen, MO, Stecher, O & Elberling, B 2015, 'Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century', Global Change Biology, bind 21, nr. 6, s. 2410-2423. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12913

APA

Hollesen, J., Buchwal, A., Rachlewicz, G., Hansen, B., Hansen, M. O., Stecher, O., & Elberling, B. (2015). Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century. Global Change Biology, 21(6), 2410-2423. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12913

Vancouver

Hollesen J, Buchwal A, Rachlewicz G, Hansen B, Hansen MO, Stecher O o.a. Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century. Global Change Biology. 2015;21(6):2410-2423. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12913

Author

Hollesen, Jørgen ; Buchwal, Agata ; Rachlewicz, Grzegorz ; Hansen, Birger ; Hansen, Marc Overgaard ; Stecher, Ole ; Elberling, Bo. / Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century. I: Global Change Biology. 2015 ; Bind 21, Nr. 6. s. 2410-2423.

Bibtex

@article{2eacd85581834e3d9e391bfc48463e84,
title = "Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century",
abstract = "Growing season conditions are widely recognized as the main driver for tundra shrub radial growth, but the effects of winter warming and snow remain an open question. Here, we present a more than 100years long Betulanana ring-width chronology from Disko Island in western Greenland that demonstrates a highly significant and positive growth response to both summer and winter air temperatures during the past century. The importance of winter temperatures for Betulanana growth is especially pronounced during the periods from 1910-1930 to 1990-2011 that were dominated by significant winter warming. To explain the strong winter importance on growth, we assessed the importance of different environmental factors using site-specific measurements from 1991 to 2011 of soil temperatures, sea ice coverage, precipitation and snow depths. The results show a strong positive growth response to the amount of thawing and growing degree-days as well as to winter and spring soil temperatures. In addition to these direct effects, a strong negative growth response to sea ice extent was identified, indicating a possible link between local sea ice conditions, local climate variations and Betula nana growth rates. Data also reveal a clear shift within the last 20years from a period with thick snow depths (1991-1996) and a positive effect on Betulanana radial growth, to a period (1997-2011) with generally very shallow snow depths and no significant growth response towards snow. During this period, winter and spring soil temperatures have increased significantly suggesting that the most recent increase in Betulanana radial growth is primarily triggered by warmer winter and spring air temperatures causing earlier snowmelt that allows the soils to drain and warm quicker. The presented results may help to explain the recently observed greening of the Arctic' which may further accelerate in future years due to both direct and indirect effects of winter warming.",
keywords = "Arctic, Betula nana, dendrochronology, Greenland, shrub expansion, winter warming",
author = "J{\o}rgen Hollesen and Agata Buchwal and Grzegorz Rachlewicz and Birger Hansen and Hansen, {Marc Overgaard} and Ole Stecher and Bo Elberling",
note = "CENPERMOA[2015]",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1111/gcb.12913",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "2410--2423",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Winter warming as an important co-driver for Betula nana growth in western Greenland during the past century

AU - Hollesen, Jørgen

AU - Buchwal, Agata

AU - Rachlewicz, Grzegorz

AU - Hansen, Birger

AU - Hansen, Marc Overgaard

AU - Stecher, Ole

AU - Elberling, Bo

N1 - CENPERMOA[2015]

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Growing season conditions are widely recognized as the main driver for tundra shrub radial growth, but the effects of winter warming and snow remain an open question. Here, we present a more than 100years long Betulanana ring-width chronology from Disko Island in western Greenland that demonstrates a highly significant and positive growth response to both summer and winter air temperatures during the past century. The importance of winter temperatures for Betulanana growth is especially pronounced during the periods from 1910-1930 to 1990-2011 that were dominated by significant winter warming. To explain the strong winter importance on growth, we assessed the importance of different environmental factors using site-specific measurements from 1991 to 2011 of soil temperatures, sea ice coverage, precipitation and snow depths. The results show a strong positive growth response to the amount of thawing and growing degree-days as well as to winter and spring soil temperatures. In addition to these direct effects, a strong negative growth response to sea ice extent was identified, indicating a possible link between local sea ice conditions, local climate variations and Betula nana growth rates. Data also reveal a clear shift within the last 20years from a period with thick snow depths (1991-1996) and a positive effect on Betulanana radial growth, to a period (1997-2011) with generally very shallow snow depths and no significant growth response towards snow. During this period, winter and spring soil temperatures have increased significantly suggesting that the most recent increase in Betulanana radial growth is primarily triggered by warmer winter and spring air temperatures causing earlier snowmelt that allows the soils to drain and warm quicker. The presented results may help to explain the recently observed greening of the Arctic' which may further accelerate in future years due to both direct and indirect effects of winter warming.

AB - Growing season conditions are widely recognized as the main driver for tundra shrub radial growth, but the effects of winter warming and snow remain an open question. Here, we present a more than 100years long Betulanana ring-width chronology from Disko Island in western Greenland that demonstrates a highly significant and positive growth response to both summer and winter air temperatures during the past century. The importance of winter temperatures for Betulanana growth is especially pronounced during the periods from 1910-1930 to 1990-2011 that were dominated by significant winter warming. To explain the strong winter importance on growth, we assessed the importance of different environmental factors using site-specific measurements from 1991 to 2011 of soil temperatures, sea ice coverage, precipitation and snow depths. The results show a strong positive growth response to the amount of thawing and growing degree-days as well as to winter and spring soil temperatures. In addition to these direct effects, a strong negative growth response to sea ice extent was identified, indicating a possible link between local sea ice conditions, local climate variations and Betula nana growth rates. Data also reveal a clear shift within the last 20years from a period with thick snow depths (1991-1996) and a positive effect on Betulanana radial growth, to a period (1997-2011) with generally very shallow snow depths and no significant growth response towards snow. During this period, winter and spring soil temperatures have increased significantly suggesting that the most recent increase in Betulanana radial growth is primarily triggered by warmer winter and spring air temperatures causing earlier snowmelt that allows the soils to drain and warm quicker. The presented results may help to explain the recently observed greening of the Arctic' which may further accelerate in future years due to both direct and indirect effects of winter warming.

KW - Arctic

KW - Betula nana

KW - dendrochronology

KW - Greenland

KW - shrub expansion

KW - winter warming

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.12913

DO - 10.1111/gcb.12913

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25788025

VL - 21

SP - 2410

EP - 2423

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 140715688